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Editing, revision and review

Editing may include the following:

  • Cutting out the irrelevant parts.
  • Re-wording clumsy sections.
  • Re-working paragraphs or chunks of writing into a more appropriate structure.
  • Putting sections into a better order so that it flows more smoothly.
  • Adding details.

It is useful to go through your work several times checking for different things:

  • Meaning

    Does it make sense? Read it aloud or use peer review for feedback. Imagine you are reading someone else's work and ask yourself whether the ideas are convincing or the argument needs further clarification.

  • Organisation and structure

    You need to consider whether the organisation is reader-friendly and whether the main points are clear to your reader and in a logical order. Additionally, check that the relationship between sentences and paragraphs is clearly signposted. 

  • Evidence
    • Have you backed up your argument with evidence, examples, details, and/or research?
    • Have you missed out anything important?
  • References
    • Make sure you have acknowledged all your sources.
    • Are your quotations accurate?
    • Is your bibliography complete and does it meet the criteria set down by your Course?
    • Are your citations complete and do they meet the system recommended by your Course?
  • Style
    • Re-write awkward expressions or clumsy phrases.
    • Split up sentences that are too long.
    • Check for relevance.
    • Check for consistency.
    • Eliminate repetition.
  • Punctuation, spelling and grammar

    Use the spell-checker to check your text for spelling, grammar and punctuation, but proof-read yourself as well. Refer to UCL's grammar webpage or other language resources, such as dictionaries or grammar guides. 

Editing final drafts

Follow this checklist when it comes to editing your final draft.

  • General

    Check that:

    • The introduction introduces the main threads of your argument and defines any parameters you have set.
    • The conclusion draws together the main threads of your argument and forms a judgement of some sort.
    • Spelling, grammar and punctuation are correct.
    • The referencing and bibliography are accurate and complete.
    • You have taken account of feedback received.
  • Content and argument
    • Does the text answer the central questions posed?
    • Are any questions raised that are not answered?
    • Is there a sense of an argument developing?
    • Is the argument clear to the reader?
    • Does the argument work?
    • Have you signposted the main moves?
    • Check for relevance.
    • Check for consistency.
    • Eliminate repetitions.
  • Research

     

    • Is there enough good evidence to illustrate your points?

     

  • Structure
    • Are ideas suitably linked?
    • Is each paragraph well structured?
    • Are ideas presented in the right order?
    • Is it clear how each paragraph links to the others?
    • Do your sentences and paragraphs flow?
  • Style

    Check that:

    • The text is not too conversational.
    • It is free of slang or colloquialisms.
    • The words used are your own (there is no plagiarism).
    • The text is not repetitive.
  • Clarity

    Check that:

    • The language is clear and concise.
    • There is nothing the reader will find confusing.
    • The reader can easily follow the line of reasoning.

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For information on our services, please contact the Gateway.

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Canterbury
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Email: gatewaycanterbury@uca.ac.uk

 


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The Library is closed over Christmas, Easter and Bank Holidays. 

 

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Find out what is happening at Epsom:

 

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Sunday 13:00 - 17:00

Holiday Opening Times
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The Library is closed over Christmas, Easter and Bank Holidays. 

 

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Sunday 13:00 - 17:00

Holiday Opening Times
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The Library is closed over Christmas, Easter and Bank Holidays. 

 

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ME1 1DZ 

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Email: gatewayrochester@uca.ac.uk

 


Find out what is happening at Rochester:

 

 

Term Opening Times
Monday - Friday 08:30 - 20:00
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Sunday 13:00 - 17:00

Holiday Opening Times
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The Library is closed over Christmas, Easter and Bank Holidays. 

 

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